Structural and magnetic transitions in novel magnetocaloric alloys


Location:Room 616,Physics Building


Magnetic refrigeration based on the magnetocaloric effect (MCE) is considered as an alternative to conventional gas compression-expansion refrigeration for both energy efficiency and environmental reasons. Large MCE occurs generally around a magnetic transition, especially around a first-order magnetic transition, such as magneto-structural transition. Therefore, tuning the crystal and magnetic structures is an important issue for exploring large MCE.

Neutron diffraction and magnetisation measurements indicated that substitution of Fe or Ni for Mn or Co in MnCoGe can bring about magneto-structural transition and ferromagnetism/spiral-antiferromagnetism transition. These two transitions lead to direct and inverse MCE, respectively. Analysis of Mӧssbauer, high-pressure x-ray diffraction and neutron diffraction measurements indicated that chemical pressure plays an important role in the adjustments of crystal and magnetic structures in the samples with low doping concentration while redistribution of valence electrons is the key factor in the samples with high doping concentration. We also observed that the substitution of Si for Ge in TbMn2Ge2 can also bring two magnetic transitions.



Qingyong Ren received his bachelor degree from the Changchun University of Science and Technology in 2009, and his master degree from the University of Science and Technology Beijing in 2012. He just earned his PhD from the University of New South and Wales in December 2016. As a research guest of the Australian Nuclear Science and Technology Organisation (ANSTO), he attended several neutron diffraction experiments between 2013 and 2016. His previous research focused on the luminescence properties of nitride phosphors for white LED, and his current research topics are the magnetism and magnetocaloric effects in novel intermetallics. He is also interested in magnetic frustration, high TC superconductors, analysis of crystal and magnetic structures using x-ray and neutron diffractions as well as the study of magnetic dynamics based on neutron scattering measurement.



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